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Hancock Family

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Upcoming:

ANNUAL MEETING FOR FOHR

June 15, 2024

REMEMBERING CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH

June 16, 2024

June 4 Displays

June 23, 2024

Open for Free Tours of House and Gardens **AND**$$Gathering Basket Workshop$$

June 30, 2024

June 5 Displays

June 30, 2024

HISTORY

1000
1608
1733
1737
1754
1754
1754
1758
1758
1763
1766
1789
1790
1792
1793
1800
1806
1809
1814
1826
1828
1831
1853
1863
1865
1882
1890
1903
1925
1932
1935
1950
1954
1958
1962
1964
1965
1968
1969
1975
1980
1989
1990
1997
1998
1999
2001
2002
2002
2005
2005
Circa 1000 BC. Long before European settlement on the Northwestern shore of the Bay, this area was inhabited by Algonquin-speaking Indians.
Captain John Smith mapped Bodkin Creek probably on the first of his two trips to the Northern Bay in 1608.
In 1733 William Hancock, Sr. (2nd generation) took possession of “Dividing Points” and “Homewood’s Range” by assuming the existing 99-year lease from Wm. Worthington with 96 years remaining on it. William, Sr. moved his family to live on the property, probably on “Homewood’s Range”.
William Hancock, Jr. (3rd generation) began renting 200 acres of “Homewood’s Range” and living on it.
In 1754, William Hancock, Sr. (2nd generation) died.
While living on the Hancock’s earlier property, “Crouch’s Mill Pond” on the Severn River, Stephen Hancock, Sr. (3rd generation) inherited 100 ac. of “Dividing Points” & 100 ac. of “Hammond’s Range” following the death of his step-Mother, Jane. (Date of death unknown - no evidence he ever lived on this property.)
In 1754, Charles Homewood assigned to Thomas Jennings the rights to “Dividing Points”.
In 1758, Thomas Jennings changed the name of “Dividing Points” into “Heirusalem” (the Greek spelling of “Jerusalem”).
In 1758, Charles Homewood patented “Peggy and Mollie’s Delight” (48 ac.) and assigned the rights to Thomas Jennings.
In 1763, Thomas Jennings won a law suit against Charles Homewood over ownership of the land. Since Homewood no longer owned it, the lease between him and William Hancock became null and void.
Stephen Hancock, Sr. (3rd generation) bought 100 acres of “Heirusalem” and 48 acres of “Peggy and Mollie’s Delight” from Thomas Jennings in 1766.
Stephen Hancock, Jr. (4th generation) mortgaged almost everything he owned to Captain Charles Ridgely of Baltimore for 255 £. in 1789.
In 1790, Stephen Hancock, Jr. (4th generation) purchased 127.5 acres of Homewood’s Range for 255 £.
Stephen Hancock, Jr. (4th generation) resurveyed “Homewood’s Range” in 1792.
Stephen Hancock, Jr. (4th generation) patented “Homewood’s Range” and 67 acres of vacant land and named it “Hancock’s Resolution”. (Note: the Stone House was already built on “Heirusalem”.
Stephen Hancock, Jr. (4th generation) sold 85 acres of “Hancock’s Resolution” to Francis Hancock (5th generation) in 1800.
Stephen Hancock, Jr. (4th generation) resurveyed and combined his holdings (1806 to 1807) which, at this time, were 409.5 acres. He named the totality of the farm Long Meadows .
Both Stephen Hancock, Jr. (4th generation) and his third wife, Ann Cromwell, died several months apart in 1809, Stephen going first. Their graves are the oldest legible stones in the Grave Yard.
Francis Hancock (5th Generation) was Captain of his own Company in the 22nd Regiment, Maryland Militia. The Company was active for 17 days in 1814 “near Bodkin”.
Anne Arundel County created a plat for Hancock's Resolution.
In 1828, Francis Hancock (5th generation) sold 100 acres of “Long Meadows” to his son John (6th generation) including the stone house.
In 1831, Francis Hancock (5th generation) died. Rather than divide up “Long Meadows” among his heirs, Francis provided them with financial support that enabled them to acquire land near his own. (Francis’s younger son, John Wesley Hancock, owned 300 acres near Rock Point (now Ft. Smallwood)). John occupied the Stone House and owned 295.5 acres of “Long Meadows”.
In 1853, John Hancock (6th generation) died. – At his death his eldest son, Henry Alfred (7th generation), took over the rest of the farm (not the part that John bought in 1828). The one and one half story kitchen was added to the stone house in the 1850s.
In 1863, Henry Alfred Hancock (7th generation) conveyed to Benjamin Osborn (married to Caroline Hancock, daughter of Francis) 196.5 acres of Long Meadows (that part which now includes the community of Bayside Beach).
1865 is the approximate date the store was started in the small stone “Milk House” building.
Henry Alfred Hancock (7th generation) purchased the stone house and 100 acres from his family (see “1828” above) in 1882.
1890 is the approximate date the larger frame store was originally constructed.
Henry Alfred Hancock (7th generation) died in 1903.
Mathilda Wilkinson Hancock, wife of Henry Alfred Hancock (7th generation), died in 1925.
Hancock’s Store closed in 1932 due to the discontinuation of the daily steamboat service from Fairview to Baltimore.
About 1935, farm produce no longer was shipped by boat to the Baltimore market at Long Dock. John Henry Hancock (Harry - 8th generation) continued to grow produce and shipped by truck with the Cooks and Calverts.
In 1950, the 100 acres remaining of the farm were transferred by the heirs of Henry Alfred (7th generation) to the brother and sister John Henry (Harry - 8th generation) and Mary Adeline (Mamie - 8th generation) Hancock.
Mary Adeline Hancock (Mamie - 8th generation) died in 1954.
In 1958 Rhoda Virginia Hancock Cook (Ginny - 8th generation) died. Ginny asked her family to preserve the family house and history.
In 1962 John Henry Hancock (Harry - 8th generation) died. The contents of the house were left to sister Rhoda Virginia’s children: Pansy, Tillie, and Philip Cook. The house and 12 acres were left to “Annapolis Historic Society” to be preserved for historic value
In 1964, Edwin Calvert, grandson of Rhoda Virginia Hancock Cook, was named to the Board of Directors to represent the family.
Each year between 1965 through 1967 there were successful open houses.
In 1968 it was decided by the Historic Annapolis Board that open houses created too much liability and should not be continued.
Starting in 1969, lack of outside interest and volunteers left the property vacant and poorly cared for over many years.
Hancock’s Resolution was listed in the Department of Interior’s National Parks Service’s “National Register of Historic Places” in 1975.
In 1980 "Hancock’s Resolution”: An Historic Structure Report of the Hancock Family Farm was written by Russell Wright A.I.P., A.C.I.P. for the Historic Annapolis Foundation funded by a federal Community Block Grant through Anne Arundel County
In 1989, at the direction of County Executive James Lighthizer, Anne Arundel County Department of Parks and Recreation leased the Hancock property from Historic Annapolis, Inc. for 25 years.
The 1840s – 1850s Cook farmhouse, once belonging to Henry Alfred Cook and Rhoda Virginia Hancock Cook, was moved a mile and a half down Bayside Beach Road to the Hancock farm site in 1990 to be a caretaker’s house.
The Friends of Hancock’s Resolution (FOHR) was incorporated with the intent to preserve, protect and promote the unique historical heritage of the property in the future in 1997.
In 1998, the first $50,000 Grant from Anne Arundel County under Executive John Gary was used for: 1) “conditions assessment” of buildings, 2) a “Level 1” archeological survey of the 14 acres, and 3) a year long “Historic Landscape Analysis” by a professional “ethno botanist”. These formed the core plans for restoration.
In 1999, three grants came in for restoration of the farmhouse and the house site: $150,000 from A.A. County, $150,000 from a State Bond Bill, and $40,000 from Maryland Historical Trust. FOHR contributed another $10,000. Anne Arundel County, under Executive John Gary, acquired an additional 12.5 acres of adjoining property to expand the available area of the park to 26.5 acres. These additions put the property back on the shore of Bodkin Creek. The farm was opened to the public in April of 1999 for the first time in 30+ years.
In 2001, Level 1 archaeology was done over the 12.5 acres acquired in 1999. This resulted in a comprehensive archaeological and historical report entitled, “A Plantation in Suburbia” done by Anne Arundel County’s “Lost Towns Project”.
Major restoration work on Hancock’s Resolution was completed in 2002. The Hancock’s Resolution Foundation began operation to be the home of an endowment fund for Hancock Resolution. In October a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed between Anne Arundel County and FOHR under which FOHR assisted the County in planning, maintaining, and operating the Park. This MOU was for one year but with automatic yearly renewals unless terminated by either party. This resulted in the following mission statement for FOHR: “To preserve, protect and promote the unique historic aspects of Hancock’s Resolution for historical and educational purposes.”
Starting in 2003, a $40,000, two years-in-development, Master Interpretation Plan, led by the competitively selected “Cherry Valley Group” of New York, was produced for the County and FOHR. It covered an “Interpretive Vision”, “Interpretive Topics and Themes”, “Overall Program Strategy”, “Evaluation of Resources” available, “Implementation Issues” and “Recommended Timeframe” for the Park.
In the Fall of 2005 there was a major change in ownership when title to Hancock’s Resolution was acquired by Anne Arundel County from the Historic Annapolis Foundation, Inc.
Operation of the Hancock’s Resolution Park has continued as part of Anne Arundel County Parks and Recs until the present time.
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Split Rail Fence

The traditional “Snake and Cross” or “Zigzag” fence is based on remnants of the original fence. The 11 foot, hand split rails would have been constructed of chestnut. The chestnut blight killed most of the towering trees in the early 1900’s.

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Entrance

Hancock’s Resolution is now a Historic Park in the Anne Arundel County Park System. While farmsteads like this used to cover this county side (except this one was constructed with stone while the great majority were wood frame) this c. 1785 stone house and milk house are the last surviving authentic, restored but not renovated, farm structures left in the entire region. As such they are of singular importance. (1785 was four years before George Washington became President of the United States.

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Cook House

The owner of this two story farmhouse, Henry Alfred Cook, married Rhoda Virginia Hancock, who was born upstairs at Hancock’s Resolution. Constructed in the mid 1800s with an addition added later in the century, this house was originally located approximately a mile west of its present location. It was moved to the park in 1991 to serve as a care taker’s home.

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Bodkin Creek

In either one or both of June 12 and 14, 1608 (N.S.*) (the first date before going up the Bolus (Patapsco) River and the second date coming back down the river) Capt. John Smith and his crew entered and mapped Bodkin Creek, very probably looking for fresh water. (* “N.S” stands for “New Style”, meaning the Gregorian calendar presently in use and not the earlier “Julian Calendar”, in use at the time of his voyage.”

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Graveyard

The Hancock family graveyard contains at least 125 head and foot stones. The graves are marked with headstones made of the local sandstone, which was readily available. While many of the tombstone’s inscriptions have worn away, several from the 19th and 20th centuries are still readable including one marked “A. H.” and dated 1809, which marks the grave of Anne Hancock, third wife of Stephen. Stephen’s grave is some distance away to the left and the space between the graves may contain the graves of Stephen’s children and earlier wives.

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Farm Field

The farm field is an area where exhibition crops are planted and farming using historical methods is demonstrated.

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Bee Hives

Bee hives in boxes, baskets or even parts of hollow logs were a part of traditional farming practices. Beehives were documented on Francis Hancock’s 1832 probate inventory; honey and beeswax were important to both 17th and 18th century farms. The bees at the farm are tended by the farm’s master gardeners and housed in modern “Langstroth’s Hives.” These movable frame hives, patented in 1852, revolutionized bee keeping and are still preferred today.

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House

Stephen Hancock built the house in 1785 and Hancock descendents continued to live in the house until the 1960s. Lacking electricity, plumbing and central heating the house is largely unchanged since its construction. The house is constructed of native sandstone. Galleting is used on the entire wall surface of both the house and the adjacent milk house. It is the only known rural example of this technique in the Chesapeake region. The first floor contains one large room with plaster over hand-split lath. Original Federal period trim, including baseboards, chair rail, window and door surrounds, decorate the room as does the elaborate mantelpiece.

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Milk House

In the 18th and early 19th century dairy products were stored in the milk house. The Hancock family used the building as a grocery and dry goods store in the early 20th century until the frame building was later constructed. It also has the galleting that is also used on the house.

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Gardens

A “kitchen garden” located just outside the home consisted of both foods and herbs and ornamental plants. Kitchen gardens were common place into the 1900s. The current garden is a historically accurate reconstruction of the Hancock family garden. A grove of ancient Lilacs and a thicket of Chickasaw Plums (known to be utilized by the pre-Colonial Indian populations of Anne Arundel County) are found outside the gardens.

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Well

The well is believed to have dated from the 18th century when the house was constructed. The well remained in use until the 1950’s when the elderly Mamie Hancock could no longer manage the daily chore of hauling water for everyday use and a modern well with hand pump was installed closer to the house. Approximately 14 feet deep, the well is lined with stones “dry laid” and is untouched except for repairs at the frost line.

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Store

The Hancock family ran a dry goods and grocery store in the 20th century. The store served the local farmers, lighthouse keepers, fisherman, and oyster dredgers as well as the seasonal workers who were employed at the farm. This current building is a historically accurate reconstruction of the frame building and houses displays and a small gift shop.

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Barn Site

This is believed to be the site of an early barn. At some future date, we hope to reconstruct the barn and have farm animals.

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Trail

Self-guided Tour (map available at entrance)

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Trail

Self-guided Tour (map available at entrance)

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Bodkin Creek

War of 1812 Burning of Lion picture – wording to use: On August 24, 1814, a British raiding party, patrolling the Patapsco area in advance of their attack on Baltimore, entered Bodkin Creek and burned a “fine” American schooner they identified as being the “Lion of Baltimore”. That is the same name as one of America’s best privateers in the War of 1812 although, it turns out, there may have been more than one vessel of that name.